Introduction to Ryu Openflow controller

As explored in previous posts, I’ll be using Ryu Openflow controller in order to bring SDN control over a RaspberryPi-based network.

As this post is intended to be a guide for anyone wishing to replicate my results, I will also leave links to sources I found useful.

Useful documentation

  1. Learn a little bit about Python decorators.
  2. Download and install Ryu.
  3. Go through at least the first example in the Ryubook (actually, go through it all). Additional aid:
    1. Consult the Ryu API reference very often.
    2. Maybe understand that Python dictionaries have a setdefault option.
    3. For the first implementation of a simple Switch, I built my own network using real devices (see Figure below). One of the recurrent issues with this is that you must set your end-devices IP addressing and routing correctly. Otherwise, you will be seeing a lot of L2-broadcast frames at the controller log (for instance: ARP request for a missing gateway, or messages to the IPv6 neighbor discovery protocol). This might not be a problem for research purposes, but you would definitely want to fix it.
    4. Get a notion about eventlets and green threads.

Fig. 1: First experiment. The OVS switch is connected to a Ryu controller on a separate network.

At the time of writing of this post I’ve successfully completed the exercises contained in Chapters 1-3 of the Ryubook. You will get a grasp of the coding style and handling of events in Ryu.

 

I will keep updating this post with the results from my own experiments.

L.

Posted under: Openflow, OpenvSwitch, SDN

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